It sounds good when everything goes right in your life. Everyone wants their lives to be smooth and relaxed. Nowadays in our hectic schedule, we can hardly enjoy our moment. But, to get a stress, a strain-free life, we should follow regular exercise that can provide you a vigorous mind along with your sound health. Even in the times of menstrual cycle, exercise becomes beneficial for your health.

It is true that exercise can reduce period pain; it also helps you to decrease your mental stress and depression. So, girls and women are advised to follow their regular routine even in their period of time. If everything goes right at that time, it is a good sign.  If for some reason, girls miss out their determined date despite following their healthy routines, it really becomes a matter of concern.

The girl falls in much worriedness and becomes anxious which is normal. A determined period date can be late, but if it continues for a prolonged time, one should go to a doctor for a valuable consult. Many factors can affect the menstrual cycle. But before that, one should keep in mind that everything is kept in its limitation also. Even excessive exercise is not good for health. It affects the menstruation cycle.

The physiologic stress of exercise can hinder the progress of your hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. This hypothalamus is a structure of the brain that regulates the menstruation cycle. It conveys a hormonal message to the pituitary gland and ovaries that gears up the ovulation. If this vital communication gets interrupted as a result of physiological stress, then such exercise or weight loss will not ovulate. Naturally, when one does not ovulate, menstruation will not happen to her and surely, she’ll miss the period.

        What is Amenorrhea?

When one misses her period only because of strenuous exercise, it is called exercise-induced amenorrhea. Amenorrhea in athletes is called exercise-associated amenorrhea. Intense training and quick weight loss
can affect the menstrual cycle by elevating the metabolism which is responsible for sustaining chemical reactions in the body. The combination of intense strenuous exercise and low carbolic intake puts 
very significant stress on the young athlete’s body which turns down the stimulation of ovaries. Not only this issue but when estrogen level drops, it causes bone loss along with other negative health consequences.

Exercise might be helpful in reducing painful periods by its effect on prostaglandins which play an important role in creating uterine contractions and cramping even with an underlying pathology. But, one
should be more conscious about that condition when you feel intense pain at the time of excessive  exercise is dangerous  while you are under period, especially if you have uterine fibroids which are known as tumors that grow from the
smooth muscles in the wall of your uterus wall. When the body involves in exercise, it shifts the blood flow to favor the heart, lungs, and muscles including the uterus. Under normal circumstances, the uterus adapts the flow without any problem. But, if one faces fibroids, there lies a possibility of low blood flow during exercise. Such a condition is familiar with the name of Ischemia which is similar to the happenings of a heart attack. When a muscle becomes Ischemic, one can feel the pain. Fibroids also have increased pain in the uterus and feel cramping when one performs an exercise during the period along with Ischemia.

By: Binita Maity

Exercising regularly is crucial for maintaining overall health and well-being. However, the intensity and duration of exercise should vary depending on various factors such as age, fitness level, and hormonal changes. Women, in particular, should pay close attention to their menstrual cycle and adjust their exercise routine accordingly. Engaging in excessive exercise during one’s period can be harmful and should be avoided.

effects of over exercise during periods
  • Effects of excessive exercise during period:

    Excessive exercise during periods can lead to various health issues, including hormonal imbalances, amenorrhea, and bone loss. Hormonal imbalances can occur due to the production of cortisol, a hormone that is released when the body is under stress. When cortisol levels are high, it can interfere with the production of other hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, which are crucial for regulating the menstrual cycle. This can lead to irregular periods, missed periods, or even amenorrhea, which is the absence of menstruation for three or more consecutive months. Excessive exercise can also lead to bone loss. Women who engage in excessive exercise have been found to have lower bone density, making them more susceptible to fractures and osteoporosis. This is because the body releases cortisol, which can interfere with the absorption of calcium and other minerals essential for bone health. Furthermore, excessive exercise can also lead to fatigue, weakness, and muscle soreness, making it challenging to perform daily activities.

  • How to adjust exercise routine during periods:
    Women should adjust their exercise routine during periods to avoid the potential health risks. Light to moderate exercises such as walking, yoga, and cycling are recommended during periods. These exercises help to improve blood circulation, reduce cramps, and relieve stress. Additionally, women can also perform strength training exercises, which help to maintain bone density and muscle mass. It is also essential to stay hydrated during exercise, especially during periods. Drinking enough water can help to reduce bloating and cramps, as well as improve energy levels.